5th Grade Curriculum
Math
English Language Arts
Science
Social Studies
Islamic Studies
Quran
Arabic
Grade 5 Math
Write and interpret numerical expressions.
 Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expressions with these symbols.
 Write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers, and interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them. For example, express the calculation “add 8 and 7, then multiply by 2” as 2 × (8 + 7). Recognize that 3 × (18932 + 921) is three times as large as 18932 + 921, without having to calculate the indicated sum or product.
Analyze patterns and relationships.
 Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. For example, given the rule “Add 3” and the starting number 0, and given the rule “Add 6” and the starting number 0, generate terms in the resulting sequences, and observe that the terms in one sequence are twice the corresponding terms in the other sequence. Explain informally why this is so.
Understand the place value system.
 Recognize that in a multidigit number, a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and 1/10 of what it represents in the place to its left.
 Explain patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10, and explain patterns in the placement of the decimal point when a decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. Use wholenumber exponents to denote powers of 10.
 Read, write, and compare decimals to thousandths.
○ Read and write decimals to thousandths using baseten numerals, number names, and expanded form, e.g., 347.392 = 3 × 100 + 4 × 10 + 7 × 1 + 3 × (1/10) + 9 × (1/100) + 2 × (1/1000).
○ Compare two decimals to thousandths based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons.
 Use place value understanding to round decimals to any place.
Perform operations with multidigit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths.
 Fluently multiply multidigit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.
 Find wholenumber quotients of whole numbers with up to fourdigit dividends and twodigit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.
 Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used.
Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions.
 Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. For example, 2/3 + 5/4 = 8/12 + 15/12 = 23/12. (In general, a/b + c/d = (ad + bc)/bd.)
 Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally and assess the reasonableness of answers. For example, recognize an incorrect result 2/5 + 1/2 = 3/7, by observing that 3/7 < 1/2.
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division.
 Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (a/b = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. For example, interpret 3/4 as the result of dividing 3 by 4, noting that 3/4 multiplied by 4 equals 3, and that when 3 wholes are shared equally among 4 people each person has a share of size 3/4. If 9 people want to share a 50pound sack of rice equally by weight, how many pounds of rice should each person get? Between what two whole numbers does your answer lie?
 Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.
○ Interpret the product (a/b) × q as a parts of a partition of q into b equal parts; equivalently, as the result of a sequence of operations a × q ÷ b. For example, use a visual fraction model to show (2/3) × 4 = 8/3, and create a story context for this equation. Do the same with (2/3) × (4/5) = 8/15. (In general, (a/b) × (c/d) = ac/bd.)
○ Find the area of a rectangle with fractional side lengths by tiling it with unit squares of the appropriate unit fraction side lengths, and show that the area is the same as would be found by multiplying the side lengths. Multiply fractional side lengths to find areas of rectangles, and represent fraction products as rectangular areas.
 Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing), by:
○ Comparing the size of a product to the size of one factor on the basis of the size of the other factor, without performing the indicated multiplication.
○ Explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction greater than 1 results in a product greater than the given number (recognizing multiplication by whole numbers greater than 1 as a familiar case); explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction less than 1 results in a product smaller than the given number; and relating the principle of fraction equivalence a/b = (n × a)/(n × b) to the effect of multiplying a/b by 1.
 Solve real world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem.
 Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.^{1}
○ Interpret division of a unit fraction by a nonzero whole number, and compute such quotients. For example, create a story context for (1/3) ÷ 4, and use a visual fraction model to show the quotient. Use the relationship between multiplication and division to explain that (1/3) ÷ 4 = 1/12 because (1/12) × 4 = 1/3.
○ Interpret division of a whole number by a unit fraction, and compute such quotients. For example, create a story context for 4 ÷ (1/5), and use a visual fraction model to show the quotient. Use the relationship between multiplication and division to explain that 4 ÷ (1/5) = 20 because 20 × (1/5) = 4.
○ Solve real world problems involving division of unit fractions by nonzero whole numbers and division of whole numbers by unit fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. For example, how much chocolate will each person get if 3 people share 1/2 lb of chocolate equally? How many 1/3cup servings are in 2 cups of raisins?
Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system.
 Convert among differentsized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multistep, real world problems.
Represent and interpret data.
 Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. For example, given different measurements of liquid in identical beakers, find the amount of liquid each beaker would contain if the total amount in all the beakers were redistributed equally.
Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume.
 Recognize volume as an attribute of solid figures and understand concepts of volume measurement.
○ A cube with side length 1 unit, called a “unit cube,” is said to have “one cubic unit” of volume, and can be used to measure volume.
○ A solid figure which can be packed without gaps or overlaps using n unit cubes is said to have a volume of n cubic units.
 Measure volumes by counting unit cubes, using cubic cm, cubic in, cubic ft, and improvised units.
 Relate volume to the operations of multiplication and addition and solve real world and mathematical problems involving volume.
○ Find the volume of a right rectangular prism with wholenumber side lengths by packing it with unit cubes, and show that the volume is the same as would be found by multiplying the edge lengths, equivalently by multiplying the height by the area of the base. Represent threefold wholenumber products as volumes, e.g., to represent the associative property of multiplication.
○ Apply the formulas V = l × w × h and V = b × h for rectangular prisms to find volumes of right rectangular prisms with wholenumber edge lengths in the context of solving real world and mathematical problems.
○ Recognize volume as additive. Find volumes of solid figures composed of two nonoverlapping right rectangular prisms by adding the volumes of the nonoverlapping parts, applying this technique to solve real world problems.
Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve realworld and mathematical problems.
 Use a pair of perpendicular number lines, called axes, to define a coordinate system, with the intersection of the lines (the origin) arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line and a given point in the plane located by using an ordered pair of numbers, called its coordinates. Understand that the first number indicates how far to travel from the origin in the direction of one axis, and the second number indicates how far to travel in the direction of the second axis, with the convention that the names of the two axes and the coordinates correspond (e.g., xaxis and xcoordinate, yaxis and ycoordinate).
 Represent real world and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation.
Classify twodimensional figures into categories based on their properties.
 Understand that attributes belonging to a category of twodimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. For example, all rectangles have four right angles and squares are rectangles, so all squares have four right angles.
 Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties.
Grade 5 Literacy
Reading:Literature
Possible reading passages, but not limited to:
 “A Snare for Srayosi”
 “Into the Maze”
 “Stage Fright”
 “Hiwatha’s Fishing”
 “Sir Giwain and the Green Knight”, Part 1 and Part 2
 “An Actor/Toyonobu: An Exile’s Return”
 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
 Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.
 Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).
 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.
 Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.
 Describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described.
 Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction, folktale, myth, poem).
 Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.
 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 4–5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Reading: Informational Text
Possible reading passages, but not limited to:
 “Tenochtitlan: Life in the Aztec Capital”
 “The Rise and Fall of Tenochtitlan”
 “How a Meteorologist Predicts the Weather”
 “Reading a Weather Map”
 “Tropical Storms”
 “Leafcutter Ants”
 “Elephant Seals”
 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
 Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.
 Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.
 Determine the meaning of general academic and domainspecific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.
 Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.
 Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.
 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.
 Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point(s).
 Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
 By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 4–5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Reading: Foundational Skills
 Know and apply gradelevel phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
 Use combined knowledge of all lettersound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.
 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
 Read gradelevel text with purpose and understanding.
 Read gradelevel prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
 Use context to confirm or selfcorrect word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
Writing
Note: Each writing piece includes the following: brainstorming, organizing: using graphic organizers and charts to help plan the writing, drafting, revising, editing, final draft and publishing.
 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
 Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
 Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details.
 Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently, specifically).
 Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
 Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general observation and focus, and group related information logically; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
 Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
 Link ideas within and across categories of information using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., in contrast, especially).
 Use precise language and domainspecific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
 Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.
 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.
 Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.
 Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, description, and pacing, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.
 Use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage the sequence of events.
 Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.
 Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.
 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
 With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.
 With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of two pages in a single sitting.
 Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources.
 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
 Apply grade 5 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or a drama, drawing on specific details in the text [e.g., how characters interact]”).
 Apply grade 5 Reading standards to informational texts (e.g., “Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point[s]”).
 Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of disciplinespecific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Speaking & Listening
 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (oneonone, in groups, and teacherled) with diverse partners on grade 5 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
 Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.
 Follow agreedupon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles.
 Pose and respond to specific questions by making comments that contribute to the discussion and elaborate on the remarks of others.
 Review the key ideas expressed and draw conclusions in light of information and knowledge gained from the discussions.
 Summarize a written text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
 Summarize the points a speaker makes and explain how each claim is supported by reasons and evidence.
 Report on a topic or text or present an opinion, sequencing ideas logically and using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
 Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.
 Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, using formal English when appropriate to task and situation.
Language
 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
 Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general and their function in particular sentences.
 Form and use the perfect (e.g., I had walked; I have walked; I will have walked) verb tenses.
 Use verb tense to convey various times, sequences, states, and conditions.
 Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense.*
 Use correlative conjunctions (e.g., either/or, neither/nor).
 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
 Use punctuation to separate items in a series.*
 Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence.
 Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?), and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).
 Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.
 Spell gradeappropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.
 Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
 Expand, combine, and reduce sentences for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.
 Compare and contrast the varieties of English (e.g., dialects, registers) used in stories, dramas, or poems.
 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiplemeaning words and phrases based on grade 5 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
 Use context (e.g., cause/effect relationships and comparisons in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
 Use common, gradeappropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., photograph, photosynthesis).
 Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.
 Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
 Interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.
 Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.
 Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.
Acquire and use accurately gradeappropriate general academic and domainspecific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships (e.g., however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition).
Grade 5 Science
Systems in Living Things
Theme: Systems
 Cells The Building Blocks of Life
 Roots and Stems
 Leaves
 Energy Traps
 Plant Responses
 Staying Alive
The Solid Earth
Theme: Constancy and Change
 Mineral Properties
 Identifying Minerals
 Diamonds
 How Iron becomes Steel
 Igneous Rocks
 Sedimentary Rocks
 Metamorphic Rocks
 Rock Quarries
 Fossil Fuels
 Rocks in circles
 The Sphere we Live on
 Sorting through time
 Fossil Tell Tales
 All Bent out of Shape
 The Black Hills
 It’s So Grand
 Earthquake!
Populations and Ecosystems
Theme: Systems
 The Nature of an Ecosystem
 The Sun: Life’s Energy Supply
 What’s to Eat
 Eat or Be Eaten
 The Cycle of Food
 The Carbon dioxide Oxygen Cycle
 The Water Cycle
 Recycling Waste Water
 The Nitrogen Cycle
 Earth’s biomes
 Water Ecosystems
 Variety in Ecosystems
 The Challenge of Biodiversity
Light and Sound
Theme: Models
 Lighting the Way
 Light Through the Ages
 Lasers
 Light as a Wave
 Bouncing Light
 Bending Light
 Light and Lenses
 The Telescope
 The Microscope
 Seeing Color
 The Nature of Sound
 When Sound Travels and when it Doesn’t
 Wind Instruments
 Pitch
 Synthesizing Sound
 Turn up the Sound
 How the Ear Works
 Recorded Sound
 Delivering Information
The Solar System and Beyond
Theme: Scale
 Star Patterns in the Sky
 Why the Stars Appear to Move
 Telescopes
 Comets and Meteors
 The Solar System
 Birth of the Universe
 The Inner Planets
 The Outer Planets
 How Stars Differ
 Measuring Distance in Space
 The Life Cycle of a Star
 The Milky Way and Other Galaxies
 Living in Free Fall
 International Space Station
Matter and Energy
Theme: Models
 Properties of Matter
 States of Matter
 Compounds and Mixtures
 Solutions
 Forms of Energy
 Energy Transfer
 Energy Changes
 Green Plants: Energy Factories
 The Study of Nuclear Energy
 The Same Stuff
 Different Stuff
Grade 5 Social Studies
America’s Land
 Land and Climate
 Our Nation’s Resources
 Regions of the United States
 People and the Land
The First Americans
 Ancient Americans
 Peoples of the Northwest
 Peoples of the Southwest
 Peoples of the Plains
 Peoples of the East
Age of Exploration
 World Travel and Trade
 New Ideas in Europe
 Europeans Arrive in the Americas
 Conquest of the Americas
 New Spain
European Settlements
 A Northwest Passage
 Roanoke and Jamestown
 New England Settlements
 Dutch and French Colonies
New England Colonies
 Geography of the Colonies
 New England
 Life in New England
Middle and Southern Colonies
 The Middle Colonies
 Life in the Middle Colonies
 The Southern Colonies
 Life in the South
Causes of the Revolution
 The French and the Indian War
 Early Conflicts with Britain
 Conflicts Grow
 War Begins
The War for Independence
 Declaring Independence
 Life During the War
 The War in the North
 Winning the War
Creating a Nation
 A New Nation
 Constitutional Convention
 The Constitution
 President Washington
The Early Republic
 People on the move
 The Nation Grows
 The War of 1812
 Age of Jackson
A Growing Country
 The Industrial Revolution
 Immigrants and Reformers
 Texas and the Mexican War
 Moving West
Causes of the Civil War
 Worlds Apart
 The Struggle for Freedom
 Compromise and Conflict
 Civil War Begins
Civil War and Reconstruction
 A Nation at War
 The Human Face of War
 The War Ends
 Reconstruction
 The Challenge of Freedom
Grade 5 Islamic Studies
Tawheed The Faith of all Prophets
Ninety names of Allah
Away from Tawheed
Surat Al Muluk Lesson one
Surat Al Muluk Lesson two
Surat Al Muluk Lesson three
The Prophets Of Islam
Prophets and Messengers
Prophet Nuh
Surat Nuh
Prophet Hud
Prophet Hud
The Journey of Suliman Al Farisi
All Ariabia Attacked Madinah
The Battle of Al Kandaq
The Winds
Al Khushoo
The Voluntary Prayers
Salat Ud Duha
Salat Ul Witr
The Traveler’s Prayer
Appreciating Allah’s Gifts
Sujood ush Shukr
Forgiveness
Respect
Respect Elders
Grade 5 Quran
No.

Translation

Transliteration

Arabic

67.

Dominion  Al Mulk  سورة الـملك 
71.

Noah  Nuh  سورة نوح 
73.

The One Wraped in Garments  Al Muzzammil  سورة الـمـزّمّـل 
74.

The One Enveloped  Al Muddaththir  سورة الـمّـدّثّـر 
Grade 5 Arabic
Dear Parents:
AssalamuAlaikum
My name is Sister Ala Abdallah and I will be your child’s fifth grade teacher. I would like to welcome you and your child to Andalusia School, more specifically, fifth grade. Insha Allah, all of us, administration, teachers, parents and students, will work together in a civil and cooperative manner to achieve the academic and Islamic success of our children.
For a copy of the school calendar and the school supply list please visit the school website, andalusiaschool.org. Your child is expected to bring in these supplies as soon as possible but no later than Wednesday, September 10th. You will receive a more informative package, including my expectations and curriculum on our BACK TO SCHOOL NIGHT, Insha Allah.
I look forward to working with you in providing a quality EDUCATION IN AN ISLAMIC ENVIRONMENT, and remember, your child’s success is dependent on collaboration among all of us: administration, teachers, parents and students. If you have any questions, feel free to contact me at abdallah5920@gmail.com or call the secretary at 9149645600 to set up an appointment or leave a message.
Again, welcome to Andalusia School, and Insha Allah we will all have an exciting and productive year.
Jazakum Allahu Khairan.
Ala Abdallah
Fifth Grade Teacher